criminal defense | Ionia, MI | Duff Chadwick & Associates PC | 616-527-0020

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appeals | Ionia, MI | Duff Chadwick & Associates PC | 616-527-0020

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220 W. Main Street Ionia, MI 48846
108 Kent Street Portland, MI 48875



Ionia: 616-527-0020

Alt Phone

Portland: 517-647-4345


Ionia: 616-527-2665
Portland: 517-252-4387



“I have been pleased with the way [Cheryl Chadwick] handled my case.  She treated me very fairly, explained everything very well and was willing to do extra to put me at ease about the situation.  I’m very grateful.”

 “Pat Duff has always been a trusted friend when addressing our legal issues for our family.  A class act all the way!”
-Tyler Throop

“We are very happy with Tom Chadwick and the work he has done for us.  We refer all of our friend to him ”
-Dave Scheurer

“Pat [Duff] is the best.  He goes over and above what he has to in order to help his clients.  He gives clear advice on the case and he is not only the best lawyer I’ve ever had, he is a friend.  Thanks Pat.”
-David Patrick

“Tom [Chadwick] assisted us in will preparation and revising previous documents.  We were pleased with the amount of time Tom took in explanation of terms and processes.  He was very thorough in his explanations and helped us clearly understand what our documents meant.  We would definitely work with Tom in the future and are comfortable with referring him to our family and friends for services.”
-Cindy Koerner

“Mr. Duff prepared our will and made the entire experience as easy and quick as it could be.  He did an excellent job explaining the many scenarios so that we could make an informed decision.  We certainly appreciate all his help and his assistant is also wonderful.  She was a pleasure to work with.”

“Tom [Chadwick] was great.  He explained everything in a way that was easy to understand.  He answered all our questions clear and concise.  He was very professional but did so on a personal level.”
-Tammy Youngs

“It was truly a pleasure! Professional, personable and detail oriented. Asking all the right questions to assure our work would be completed in full and with accuracy.” Patrick Lorvo

“I received the help I needed from Tom Chadwick to fill out my Power of Attorney. He explained it in a language I could understand and went over any questions I had.” Jane Riker

“Cheryl Chadwick is always to the point. If I did not understand something she would take the time to explain it to me. She never hurried me at an appointment. She was thorough with what I needed to give her. She is people friendly! And she smiled a lot! I never felt like she held me beneath her.”
Judy Schmitz

“Mr. Duff handled my Mother’s estate. He answered all of our questions and was very helpful. The office staff was very good also. Thanks very much.”
Charlene Graft

“ During a difficult time for our family Patrick Duff was there every step of the way. I would and have recommended Attorney Duff!”

“Thank you for your efforts (Patrick Duff). Quite pleased with everything.”
Michael Maxwell

“I am grateful to have my will done for free. I had been putting it off until my son told me about your free will senior service. Thank you again.”
Lorane Bush

“The service that I received was great. Eric Matwiejczyk explained everything to me in a way that I understood, listened to me when I had concerns and questions, he made me feel very comfortable in the situation that I was in. He handled my case very well, I liked Eric being my attorney.”
Michelle Ludwick

“They took care of all the legal paperwork for me to take over my father’s estate, Including the Power of Attorney affairs.”

“Eric was very helpful in explaining to me in laymen terms. The cover letter to my will was very helpful. He was also friendly making me feel at ease. I never felt hurried.”

“Mr. Duff assisted us with updating our wills. We were completely satisfied with his services.”
Fred VanAmburg

“We had been putting of our wills, we didn’t really understand the process. It couldn’t have been easier, Mr. Chadwick took the time to explain every step and choice. The package included wills, Power of Attorney and Health Care Power of Attorney, it’s a great relief to have it all done. Amazing, Wonderful and Fantastic.”
Mark and Jane Horrocks

“As for the court outcome I was pleased, the PPO remained intact. Eric Matwiejczyk noticed many things wrong with the motion for termination. In response the case was dropped after hiring Eric. I would come back to Eric again, he took me seriously and was professional.”

Criminal Defense

Preliminary Examination
Pretrial Conference
Arraignment in Circuit Court
Plea Bargaining

No two criminal matters are ever the same. However, there is a general pattern that most criminal cases follow, depending upon the facts and circumstances of each case. A great deal of the concern that an individual may have when charged with a crime is confusion about the legal terms and procedures that occur. With that in mind, following a general procedural flow of a typical case, the following explanation of some of these legal terms are described as follows:

Arraignment. There are basically 3 types of Arraignments:

  • District Court Arraignment on a Misdemeanor
  • District Court Arraignment on a Felony
  • Circuit Court Arraignment on a Felony

At the Arraignment, the purpose is to advise the defendant of the charge and his/her procedural rights, and to permit the defendant to claim or waive those rights. The District Court Misdemeanor Arraignment allows the defendant to plead guilty, not guilty, or stand mute. The District Court Felony Arraignment allows the defendant to demand or waive a Preliminary Examination.

Misdemeanor - criminal offense where, if convicted, a person may be incarcerated up to one year in jail.

Felony - criminal offense where if convicted a person may be incarcerated in prison for a period exceeding one year, up to life. Both types of crimes and their punishment depend upon the nature of the crime charged.

Preliminary Examination - pertains to felonies. It is a judicial proceeding in the District Court to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to continue proceedings to a Circuit Court Trial. The Preliminary Examination is often waived (not held) for a variety of reasons. In felonies, the matter, if not dismissed or reduced to a misdemeanor, is then bound over to Circuit Court.

Pretrial Conference. As it pertains to District Court, this conference is held for both misdemeanor and felony cases whereby the defendant and/or the defendant’s attorney will discuss and negotiate the criminal matter with the prosecuting attorney to determine whether the case will be resolved through a Plea Bargain, or what future direction the case will go.

Arraignment in Circuit Court. The defendant is provided with a copy of the charging document (the information) whereby the defendant typically enters a not guilty plea, guilty plea or stands mute. The defendant will have been informed of the maximum punishment and may have had an agreement previously worked out at the Pretrial Conference as to the punishment, if a plea of guilty is entered. A not guilty plea or a plea of mute will result in the matter moving forward to trial. There is an assortment of other pleas that may be entered.

Motions. Motions are requests made before the court. The requests may be for additional information, to dismiss the case, to change the venue (location) of the case, to suppress evidence, or to allow certain types of evidence.

Plea Bargaining. Plea bargaining is the process whereby the defendant and/or the defendant’s attorney negotiate with the prosecutor in an effort to resolve the criminal matter. It occurs anywhere in time from before the pre-trial to anytime throughout the remainder of the case.

Trial. A trial, whether in district court or circuit court, is the proceeding whereby a judge or jury (a collection of citizens) determine if it has been shown by the prosecutor, beyond a reasonable doubt, that the defendant is guilty of the offense. If found guilty, the defendant is sentenced.

Sentencing. After a plea of guilt (or nolo contendere, where the defendant does not admit guilt, but the case is treated as a conviction by the court), or a conviction by a judge or jury, a defendant is sentenced. The sentencing can be anything from fines and costs only, to probation and/or incarceration.

Information Courtesy of ICLE, Bruce A. Borton, Basic Criminal Practice


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